CHOOSING THE BEST RC HELICOPTER ENGINE

The RC helicopter engine/power plant... Probably the very first choice you want to make when deciding on the best RC helicopter for you.

By deciding this right now, your list is narrowed substantially and makes your RC helicopter purchase decision much easier.

To make the best RC heli engine choice, let’s look at the pros and cons of each of the four power options available today. There is no candidate "best" power choice. Each have strengths and weaknesses, and what you eventually decide to purchase will be based on what your needs are.

The following discussion is to point out different advantages and disadvantages of each RC helicopter engine power option. If you want detailed explanations of each type of heli, simply click on the specific links for a more in depth examination.


Electric Powered RC Helicopters

Brushless Electric RC Helicopter Motor

Advantages:

  • Easiest to set up. No difficult tuning of carburetors, fuel systems or exhaust systems.
  • Less likely to cut out in mid flight due to fuel/air mixture or ignition problems that plague all fuel powered models (turbine not so much).
  • Electric Motors are pretty close to vibration free (no reciprocating piston or exhaust pulse).
  • Power to weight ratios these days are better than any other power source - yes even turbine!
  • Lower long term operational costs (no fuel to purchase).
  • Flying weight and center of gravity (CG) don't change throughout the flight as they do with fuel powered models.
  • Much quieter. Some municipalities have strict noise regulations and an electric RC helicopter may be your only option if you wish to fly in a field close to home.
  • No messy oil residue all over the helicopter and surrounding area.
  • Easy to start and stop. No special starting equipment such as glow plug power panels and starter systems.
  • Can be flown indoors with no poisonous exhaust being produced.
  • Less maintenance intensive than fuel powered.
  • Better for the environment (subjective).

Disadvantages:

  • Size for size - higher initial purchase costs over nitro because large capacity lithium batteries although coming down in price are still expensive.
  • Large lithium batteries can be dangerous or easily ruined if not cared for properly.
  • If flown hard, flight times can be short.
  • If you don’t want to wait between flights to cool and charge your battery, you will need at least several extra batteries, adding to the cost (I personally find 6 packs the minimum).
  • Even if you have several extra batteries, you may (if you fly very aggressively) still have to wait 15 minutes or so between flights to let the motor and electronic speed controller cool down (dependent on quality of motor and ESC).
  • Special charging and power supply equipment required - the larger the LiPo's the more charging power you generally need.
  • Some planning ahead is required if you want to have all your battery packs charged up and ready for a day out at the flying field. This is totally dependent on how many helis you have, how many battery packs you have, and how much charging power you have.

Nitro Powered RC Helicopters

Nitro RC Helicopter Engine

Advantages:

  • Refuel and go... no waiting around between flights to charge batteries or wait for electric motors and speed controllers to cool down.
  • Proven design and long life expectancy.
  • Generally less expensive than an equal sized electric model when you take into account the expense of high capacity RC LiPo batteries.
  • The most crash proof of all power options... nitro engines are almost indestructible.
  • I for one love the smell of nitro exhaust - but that is a subjective point.
  • Noise – some of us love the high pitched sound of a nitro engine turning at 17,000 rpm.


Disadvantages:

  • Noisy – some hate that high pitched noise. Nitro engines are very noisy only to be topped by turbine engines in decibels produced.
  • Messy - Nitro fuel is around 20% oil, and that fine oil mist in the exhaust gets everywhere. It is for most people the very worst aspect of nitro engine power.
  • Fuel tank placement and how it affects the center of gravity is important.
  • Hard to tune and set up correctly... especially for people with no prior nitro model engine experience. Can stop running in middle of flight if mixture is not right, fuel is contaminated, fuel supply/tank vent gets blocked, or glow plug fails.
  • Glow fuel is only available at hobby shops and because it is classified as a hazardous material is expensive and difficult to ship.
  • Higher long term operating costs over electric, gas RC helicopters, and even turbine. Nitro engines are thirsty and nitro glow fuel costs much more than gasoline or JET A. You also have to replace glow plugs from time to time.
  • Vibration prone starting shafts and fans , or inconvenient belt start systems.
  • Additional special starting equipment needed such as electric starters and glow plug drivers/power panels (built-in or external).

Gas Powered RC Helicopters

Gas/Petrol RC Helicopter Engine

Advantages:

  • Not as messy as a nitro rc helicopter engine – low oil to fuel mix ratio means most of the oil gets burnt in the combustion process.
  • Runs at lower RPM so it is not as noisy and doesn’t produce as much high frequency vibration as a nitro engine.
  • Runs on ordinary gasoline and 2-cycle engine oil that can be purchased anywhere.
  • Usually easier to start.
  • Long life expectancy.
  • Less costly to operate than a nitro heli.
  • Gasoline is readily available anywhere, and costs much less than nitro fuel.
  • Gas engines don't use as much fuel as nitro engines meaning longer flying times or smaller fuel tanks than an equivalent powered nitro engine.
  • Quite big & heavy providing more realistic helicopter flight characteristics.
  • Flight times can be impressive (up to 30 minutes on some models if not flown hard).

Disadvantages:

  • Lowest power to weight ratio of all power options (not suitable for hard/extreme 3D aerobatics).
  • Limited selection of gas RC helicopter models.
  • Higher price than electric or nitro because the helicopters are usually larger.
  • Lager reciprocating piston mass produces strong lower frequency vibrations.
  • High voltage ignition and spark plugs produce radio interference - not an issue with PCM or 2.4GHz spread spectrum radios.
  • Large, heavy models means more damage usually occurs in a crash.

Turbine Powered RC Helicopters

Turbine RC Helicopter Engine

Advantages:

  • Realism... it doesn’t get much more real than this.
  • Very reliable power that is not nearly as prone to cutting out and no tuning hassles since the turbine's engine computer (FADEC) is very good at keeping it running perfectly. In my experience, I have found turbine power as reliable as electric power.
  • Very little if any engine vibration - pretty much as good as electric due to no exhaust pulse or reciprocating piston mass.
  • Noise and smell! Yup, they’re noisy - loudest of the bunch, but what a great noise. The sweet smell of jet exhaust is hard to beat.
  • Heat waves blowing out the exhaust look great.
  • Powerful enough for very large RC helicopters – scale or pod & boom.
  • Like gas powered, they are big and heavy giving realistic flight characteristics.
  • The challenges and rewards are very high.
  • Lots of neat new stuff to learn about how a turbine engine works and runs.


Disadvantages:

  • Turbine Engines are expensive.
  • Only a few companies provide turbine specific helicopter kits, and turbine engines. Parts availability, waiting time, and depending where you live - import fees are generally all issues.
  • Turbine bearing replacement every 50 to 80 hours usually requiring sending the engine back to the factory for them to balance the turbine and compressor assembly properly after bearing replacement.
  • Most complicated with many turbine specific systems on-board the aircraft.
  • Somewhat maintenance intensive (not much more than gas or nitro).
  • Higher operating costs compared to equivalent sized gas powered models, fuel costs less than nitro however.
  • Heavy damage costs even in light crashes or hard landings.
  • Although powerful, turbine heli engines are heavy so the power to weight ratio of turbine powered helicotpers is actually not much better than that of gas powered. Hard/extreme 3D aerobatics not possible. 
  • Fire hazard. Can catch on fire if crashed and can ignite dry grass when starting, taking off, or landing on dry grass.

RC Helicopter Engine Choice For Beginners

For all beginners the best RC helicopter engine power option is either going to be electric or nitro; so concentrate on those two and weigh the pros and cons carefully. For ease of use, availability, and hassle free operation, electric really is the clear choice.

If you are experienced with nitro or electric helicopters already, your RC helicopter engine choice might be a gas powered heli.

The main reason most people get into Gas RC helicopter engines is to reduce the operation cost of using nitro fuel, eliminate the hassles of getting nitro fuel, and saying goodbye once and for all to messy nitro goo.

Many also make the switch to gas because they want to start flying very large pod and boom or scale RC helicopters, but don’t want the very high costs and complexity that go along with turbine power. That said, large electric RC helis are now a reality as well, but the multiple LiPo batteries required for them pushes the costs up a fair amount. Two stroke gas engines are simply the most economical power choice for large birds.

Finally – if you are a very competent RC heli builder/flier and want the ultimate in mechanical complexity & realism, a turbine engine powered RC helicopter is one of the most satisfying projects to undertake.


RC Heli Help eBooks

Setup & Tips For Electric Collective Pitch RC Helicopters

Click Here for More Information

Add to Cart View Cart


Beginner's Guide To Flying RC Helicopters

Click Here for More Information

Add to CartView Cart

Swash Setup, Leveling & FBL Configuration

Click Here for More Information

Add to Cart View Cart

Getting The Most Out Of Your mSR/X & 120SR

Click Here for More Information

Add to CartView Cart

How To Build Training Gear

Click Here for More Information

Add to Cart View Cart

Beginners Guides Combo Deal

Click Here for More Information


Some Kind Words From A Loyal Visitor


Hi John, I would just like to say that your eBooks regarding RC helicopters are the best guidelines and help that I have discovered on the internet.

I have now got to a point where I can do my own setup and not rely on someone else.

Your videos on learning how to fly really makes learning how to fly a lot more fun with very little stress. Congratulations and keep it up.

I have introduced quite a few friends starting off to your website, and everyone rates it no.1.

Best Regards, Johan Botha - South Africa